How To Take Care Of Your Nose

Your nose is part of your respiratory system. It allows air to enter your body...

What exactly is the nose?
Your nose, a structure that protrudes from the center of your face, is a component of your respiratory system.

FUNCTION
What is the purpose of your nose?
Your nose is involved in several vital bodily functions, including:

Allows for the entry of air into your body.
Contributes to how you appear and sound when you speak.
Air is filtered and cleaned to remove particles and allergens.
It gives you a sense of smell.
Warms and moistens the air, allowing it to enter your respiratory system more comfortably.
Your nose is also an important feature of your facial appearance and sense of well-being.

ANATOMY
What are the different parts of your nose?
Your nose anatomy consists of:

Bone: Bone is used to make the hard bridge at the top of your nose.
Hair and cilia: Dirt and particles are trapped inside your nose by hair and cilia (tiny, hairlike structures). The particles are then moved toward your nostrils, where they can be sneezed out or wiped away.
The lateral walls (outer walls) of your nose are made of cartilage and covered in skin. Your nasal cavities and nostrils are formed by the walls.
Nasal cavities are hollow spaces in your nose where air flows in and out. They are mucous membrane lined.
Nerve cells communicate with the brain to provide a sense of smell.
Nostrils (nares): On the face, these are the openings to the nasal cavities.
The septum is composed of bone and firm cartilage. It runs down the middle of your nose, dividing the two nasal cavities.
Sinuses: There are four pairs of sinuses in your body. These pockets of air are linked to your nasal cavities. They are responsible for producing the mucus that keeps your nose moist.
Turbinates (conchae): Three pairs of turbinates are found along the sides of both nasal cavities. These folds inside your nose help to warm and moisten the air you breathe in, as well as aid in nasal drainage.
DISORDERS AND CONDITIONS
What conditions and disorders can have an impact on your nose?
The following medical conditions can have an impact on your nose:

Allergic rhinitis (hay fever) can cause nasal irritation, sneezing, a runny nose, or a stuffy nose.
A deviated septum occurs when your septum is off-center, either at birth or as a result of an injury. It can lead to breathing difficulties, nasal congestion, and headaches.
Allergens and irritants can cause the turbinates to swell, obstructing airflow and interfering with normal breathing.
Injury or trauma: Your nose, like any other external part of your body, can be broken or injured.
Infection: Many of the same symptoms as allergic rhinitis can be caused by an infection. Sinus infections and the common cold are two examples.
Nasopharyngeal cancer: Cancer of the nose is a type of head and neck cancer.
Nasal polyps are bumps in the nose that can obstruct airflow or prevent your nose from filtering air.
Nasal valve collapse: The most common cause of nasal obstruction, nasal valve collapse is often caused by an accident or trauma to your nose.
Nosebleeds (epistaxis) occur when a blood vessel in your nose ruptures. They are common, and the majority are not serious.
CARE


What can I do to keep my nose healthy?
Avoid smoking and inhaling secondhand smoke.
Remove nose hairs with caution because they filter dirt and debris.
Consume plenty of water.
Maintain a clean home to reduce the amount of dust and other allergens you may breathe in. To remove dust, wash your bedsheets.
To keep the nasal cavities clean and moist, squirt saline into them.
To keep the air moist at home, use a humidifier.
COMMONLY ASKED QUESTIONS
When should I consult a physician about my nose?
Consult a doctor if you notice any of the following symptoms in your nose:

Frequent nosebleeds or persistent nosebleeds
Fever of more than 103°F, which could indicate infection.
Yellow or green discharge from the nose could indicate infection.
Sinus discomfort.
Snoring should be avoided, especially if it keeps you awake at night.
If you're unhappy with the way your nose looks.
A message from the Cleveland Clinic

Your nose is a vital part of your respiratory system and serves several functions. It gives you a sense of smell and filters dirt and allergens from the air you breathe. Nasal symptoms such as a stuffy nose or nosebleed are common and usually do not indicate a serious problem. However, if you have pain or signs of infection, contact your doctor.


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