Chronology and certainty

events of the past and especially those relating to a particular place or subject European history. 2 : a branch of knowledge that records and explains past events. 3 : a written report of past events She wrote a history of the Internet. 4 : an established record of past events His crimina

The Republic of Ghana is named after the medieval West African Ghana Empire.[1] The empire became known in Europe and Arabia as the Ghana Empire after the title of its Emperor, the Ghana.[2] The Empire appears to have broken up following the 1076 conquest by the Almoravid[3] General Abu-Bakr Ibn-Umar. A reduced kingdom continued to exist after Almoravid rule end, and the kingdom was later incorporated into subsequent Sahelian empires, such as the Mali Empire several centuries later.[4] Geographically, the ancient Ghana Empire was approximately 500 miles (800 km) north and west of the modern state of Ghana, and controlled territories in the area of the Sénégal River and east towards the Niger rivers, in modern SenegalMauritania and Mali.[5]

(from the top, left to right)
*Asantehene Osei Kofi Tutu I *Major General Sir Garnet Wolseley *Anglo-Ashanti wars *British delegation to Kumasi in the 19th century *Queen Yaa Asantewaa *Asantehene Kwaku Dua II *Arnold Weinholt Hodson *Gold Coast Legislative Assembly *Dr. Kwame Nkrumah as Prime Minister
  • Central Sub-Saharan Africaagricultural expansion marked the period before 500 AD. Farming began earliest on the southern tips of the Sahara, eventually giving rise to village settlements.[6] Toward the end of the classical era, larger regional kingdoms had formed in West Africa, one of which was the Kingdom of Ghana, north of what is today the nation of Ghana.[7] Before its fall at the beginning of the 10th century Akans migrated southward and founded several nation-states around their matriclans, including the first empire of Bono state founded in the 11th century and for which the Brong-Ahafo (Bono Ahafo) region is named.[8] The Mole-Dagbon people, who founded the earliest centralised political kingdoms of Ghana, migrated from Lake Chad to present day Ghana. Later, Akan ethnic groups such as the AshantiAkwamuAkyemFante state and others are thought to possibly have roots in the original Bono state settlement at Bono Manso.[9] The Ashanti kingdom's government operated first as a loose network and eventually as a centralized empire-kingdom with an advanced, highly specialized bureaucracy centred on the capital Kumasi.[10]


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